Laser Stethoscope for Use in Noisy Spacecraft Environments

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$99,987.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX11CD42P
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
105144
Solicitation Year:
2010
Solicitation Topic Code:
X12.01
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
87 Church Street, East Hartford, CT, -
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
021804661
Principal Investigator:
James Scire
Principal Investigator
(860) 528-9806
jscire@AFRinc.com
Business Contact:
James Markham
Chief Executive Officer
(860) 528-9806
jim@AFRinc.com
Research Institution:
Stub




Abstract
Auscultation, or listening to internal sounds made by the body of a patient, is an important tool in medical diagnostics. Heart, lung, intestine, and circulatory function can be assessed through careful listening. There are numerous situations, however, where the faint sounds collected using an ordinary stethoscope are overwhelmed by ambient noise. Such is the case in spacecraft, where room is scarce and noise generating equipment is always nearby. Here, a stethoscope employing laser Doppler vibrometry is proposed. Through an innovative design employing adaptive filtering, the new-technology stethoscope will provide immunity to external noise while providing conventional auscultation sounds for easy interpretation by medical professionals. Phase I and Phase II development will result in a system that is lightweight, rugged, efficient, and compact, making it suitable for use in space. The system will provide enhanced medical care for astronauts in space, allowing auscultation sounds to be transmitted back to mission control medical personnel despite the high levels of ambient noise present in the spacecraft.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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