A High Performance Approach to Improving Auscultation Capability in Noisy Environments

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$99,999.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX11CD44P
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
104521
Solicitation Year:
2010
Solicitation Topic Code:
X12.01
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
13619 Valley Oak Circle, ROCKVILLE, MD, -
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
Y
Woman Owned:
Y
Duns:
620282256
Principal Investigator:
ChimanKwan
Principal Investigator
(301) 315-2322
chiman.kwan@signalpro.net
Business Contact:
ChimanKwan
Business Official
(301) 315-2322
chiman.kwan@signalpro.net
Research Institute:
Stub




Abstract
Some commercial auscultation devices pick up all sounds without filtering out the background noise. Although the electronic stethoscopes made by 3M and Thinklab have some simple built-in filters, those filters cannot differentiate important internal body sounds from interfering background noise. Other devices used Doppler effects, which cannot be easily interpreted by physicians. We propose a high performance approach to enhancing auscultation capability. The idea is to utilize a second microphone to pick up the background noise and then use the microphone signals to improve the quality of stethoscope signals. There are several key advantages of our approach. First, the second mic is attached to a recorder, which is independent of the stethoscope. That is, the current stethoscope can still be used without any modifications. Second, the background noise level in the stethoscope will be reduced significantly, as we will apply advanced and fast algorithms to eliminate the background noise. Two algorithms will be evaluated. One is based on adaptive filtering, which is a time-domain approach. The other one is based on spectral subtraction with multi-band scaling. These algorithms have been applied by our team to speech enhancement applications in very noisy environments such as battlefield and also astronaut's helmet.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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