Assessing Human Task Performance When Performing Electronic Procedures

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNX11CD45P
Agency Tracking Number: 104919
Amount: $99,512.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2011
Solicitation Year: 2010
Solicitation Topic Code: X14.01
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
TRACLabs, Inc.
TX, San Antonio, TX, 78216-6363
DUNS: 193786014
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Debra Schreckenghost
 Principal Investigator
 (281) 461-7884
 schreck@traclabs.com
Business Contact
 David Kortenkamp
Title: President and CEO
Phone: (281) 461-7884
Email: korten@traclabs.com
Research Institution
 Stub
Abstract
Limited astronaut time can result in high crew workload and fatigue during International Space Station (ISS) operations. Additionally crew skills can decline over extended mission duration onboard ISS. These stressors can impact task performance both in terms of increased errors and decreased efficiency. As humans go deeper into space, these issues will become even more pronounced. Methods are needed to monitor tasks as they are performed and to detect degraded task performance. TRACLabs proposes to develop algorithms and software for monitoring human performance of procedures. Our approach will integrate performance measuring software with procedure software and the displays used to execute procedures. We will build on prior work by TRACLabs on the Procedure Representation Language (PRL) and our agent software that aids humans interacting with PRL procedures. The performance measuring software will use techniques developed at the University of Pittsburgh that monitor keystrokes and mouse utilization to compute the speed and accuracy of individual pointing and text entry actions and adherence to procedure definitions. We will adapt techniques for measuring task performance of the disabled to measuring task performance of the able-bodied when stressed. We propose that performance changes due to these situational disabilities can be detected in the same way as performance changes due to physical disabilities. These techniques are particularly attractive for use at NASA because they are non-invasive and do not require additional equipment to implement. Performance measures will be computed in real-time as tasks are performed and thus will be available for use during task performance. Procedure information will guide the collection and interpretation of the human task performance data.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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