Novel CO2 Separation and Methanation for Oxygen and Fuel Production

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNX11CF98P
Agency Tracking Number: 104734
Amount: $99,996.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2011
Solicitation Year: 2010
Solicitation Topic Code: X1.02
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
410 Sackett Point Road, North Haven, CT, 06473-3106
DUNS: 178154456
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Christian Junaedi
 Principal Investigator
 (203) 287-3700
Business Contact
 John Scanlon
Title: Business Official
Phone: (203) 287-3700
Research Institution
Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes a novel efficient, compact, and lightweight Microlith<SUP>REG</SUP>-based CO2 separator and methanation reactor to separate CO2 from the Martian atmosphere and convert the CO2 with H2 to methane and water vapor with high CO2 conversion and high CH4 selectivity. This offers a lightweight, compact, and efficient implementation of a Mars atmosphere-fed adsorption/Sabatier/electrolysis solution for producing fuel and oxygen. CO2 conversion is expected to be & #8805;90% with near 100% CH4 selectivity at high throughputs and at low operating temperatures ( & #8804;~350<SUP>o</SUP>C). The technology will allow use of Martian in-situ resources for producing rocket propellant, reactants, and life support needs such as oxygen to significantly extend the duration and range of human/robotic planetary exploration. PCI has separately developed a regenerable CO2 separator and a CO2 methanation reactor through SBIR projects for the space station and spacecraft applications, demonstrated to be superior (i.e., lower power consumption, lighter, and smaller size) to existing technologies such as pellets and microchannels. This integrated system can contribute significantly to NASA's Martian in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) architecture, offering a potential major step forward towards establishing a human outpost in Mars.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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