Interior Acoustic Analysis for Early Use in Design
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
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Small Business Information
Michigan Engineering Services, LLC
2890 Carpenter Road, Suite 1900, Ann Arbor, MI, 48108-8108
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
AbstractThe design of an aircraft is a highly iterative process. During the conceptual design phase there is no time for developing detailed simulation models and decisions are typically made either by using low fidelity models or existing data and regression models. However, the decisions made during the conceptual design phase greatly affect the performance of the aircraft and the associated cost, and typically the majority of the cost is locked during very early stages of the design process. Usually the sound insulation requirements of a passenger cabin are met after the outer mold line of the aircraft and the design of the fuselage structure have been completed and this approach adds weight to the design. Ideally the structural-acoustic concerns should enter the design cycle early and be considered along with other main design disciplines. During the early design stages of an aircraft the interior noise performance of different fuselage configurations must be evaluated based on the following information: length, cross sectional stations as a function of longitudinal location, main interior arrangements, spacing and size of stiffeners and stringers, thickness and material properties of insulation blankets, thickness and material properties of the fuselage and of the trim panels, and the type of acoustic treatment placed in the interior. The acoustic performance expressed in terms of noise reduction comprises the metric for assessing the aircraft performance for interior noise considerations. The proposed project will develop an easy to use, physics based, computational capability that can provide fast an assessment for the interior noise of either conventional or novel aircraft during the early stages of the design process. It will also allow engaging information from multi-scale simulations for designing quiet composite materials with increased damping and reduced radiation efficiency characteristics.
* information listed above is at the time of submission.