Airborne Detection of Spoofed ADS-B Reports

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Air Force
Amount:
$750,000.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
FA8650-11-C-1071
Agency Tracking Number:
F093-141-2262
Solicitation Year:
2009
Solicitation Topic Code:
AF093-141
Solicitation Number:
2009.3
Small Business Information
KalScott Engineering, Inc.
PO Box 3426, Lawrence, KS, -
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
108339966
Principal Investigator:
Brian Schaal
Senior Engineer
(785) 979-5110
brian.schaal@kalscott.com
Business Contact:
Suman Saripalli
Vice President
(785) 979-1116
suman.saripalli@kalscott.com
Research Institution:
Stub




Abstract
Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) is an airspace surveillance system being implemented in the US and several nations globally. In this system, each aircraft determines its location using GPS, and broadcasts this to other local traffic and ground stations, along with other flight data (aircraft ID, speed, heading, flight number, altitude, etc). This endows local traffic with high situational awareness, enabling greater security, efficiency and airspace capacity. However, ADS-B can be effectively spoofed using a simple ADS-B transmitter driven by a computer and a GPS simulator program. For the DoD, the issue is one of denial of airspace access: an adversary can put up phantom traffic in a contested airspace, thus preventing allied aircraft from entering. Therefore, there is an immediate need for airborne military aircraft to be able to detect spoofed ADS-B reports in real time, in a stand-alone manner. In this SBIR project, KalScott Engineering is developing and demonstrating a method to detect spoofing of ADS-B reports using airborne signals intelligence (SIGINT) techniques. BENEFIT: This technology can be used to ensure access to airspace without the threat of false ADS-B target attacks, both in military and civilian operations.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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