Airborne Detection of Spoofed ADS-B Reports

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8650-11-C-1071
Agency Tracking Number: F093-141-2262
Amount: $750,000.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2011
Solicitation Year: 2009
Solicitation Topic Code: AF093-141
Solicitation Number: 2009.3
Small Business Information
PO Box 3426, Lawrence, KS, -
DUNS: 108339966
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Brian Schaal
 Senior Engineer
 (785) 979-5110
 brian.schaal@kalscott.com
Business Contact
 Suman Saripalli
Title: Vice President
Phone: (785) 979-1116
Email: suman.saripalli@kalscott.com
Research Institution
 Stub
Abstract
Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) is an airspace surveillance system being implemented in the US and several nations globally. In this system, each aircraft determines its location using GPS, and broadcasts this to other local traffic and ground stations, along with other flight data (aircraft ID, speed, heading, flight number, altitude, etc). This endows local traffic with high situational awareness, enabling greater security, efficiency and airspace capacity. However, ADS-B can be effectively spoofed using a simple ADS-B transmitter driven by a computer and a GPS simulator program. For the DoD, the issue is one of denial of airspace access: an adversary can put up phantom traffic in a contested airspace, thus preventing allied aircraft from entering. Therefore, there is an immediate need for airborne military aircraft to be able to detect spoofed ADS-B reports in real time, in a stand-alone manner. In this SBIR project, KalScott Engineering is developing and demonstrating a method to detect spoofing of ADS-B reports using airborne signals intelligence (SIGINT) techniques. BENEFIT: This technology can be used to ensure access to airspace without the threat of false ADS-B target attacks, both in military and civilian operations.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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