Photonic antenna coupled middlewave infrared photodetector and focal plane array with low noise and high quantum efficiency

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNX12CG15P
Agency Tracking Number: 110114
Amount: $124,982.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Awards Year: 2012
Solitcitation Year: 2011
Solitcitation Topic Code: T4.01
Solitcitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Applied NanoFemto Technologies, LLC
181 Stedmen Street, Unit #2, Lowell, MA, -
Duns: 607557795
Hubzone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Jarrod Vaillancourt
 Principal Investigator
 (978) 430-7128
 jarrod.vaillancourt@appliednanofemto.com
Business Contact
 Jing Chen
Title: Business Official
Phone: (978) 761-4293
Email: jing.chen@appliednanofemto.com
Research Institution
 University of Massachusetts Lowell
 Linda Concino
 1 University Ave.
Lowell, MA, 01854-2827
 () -
 Domestic nonprofit research organization
Abstract
Middle-wave infrared (MWIR, 3-5¿¿m) photodetectors are of great importance in numerous NASA applications, including thermal remote sensing for carbon-based trace gases (CH4, CO2, and CO), heat capacity mapping for earth resource locating, environment and atmosphere monitoring, and IR spectroscopy. However, existing MWIR photodetectors are require a low operating temperature, below 77K to achieve high photodetectivity (D*). The requirement for cryogenic cooling systems adds cost, weight and reliability issues, thereby making it unsuitable for small satellite applications. This STTR project aims to develop a new photonic antenna coupled MWIR photodetector with a significantly enhanced quantum efficiency. In addition, the antenna technology would also allow a large-area signal collection with a small active area of the detector. Successfully developing the proposed innovation is expected to provide an enabling technology for ultra-compact high performance MWIR detection and imaging systems suitable for NASA's small satellite earth remote sensing applications. In phase I, the proposed photonic antenna enhanced MWIR photodetector technology will be evaluated and compared with existing technologies. The proposed photonic antenna structure will be simulated to generate an optimal design. A preliminary photonic antenna coupled MWIR photodetector will be developed for proof-of-concept demonstration. In Phase II, a prototype of the photonic antenna coupled MWIR photodetector will be developed and packaged with supporting electronics and software interfaces for laboratory demonstration.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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