Alternative Green Technology for Power Generation Using Waste-Heat Energy And Advanced Thermoelectric Materials

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$749,659.00
Award Year:
2012
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
NNX12CB08C
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
100055
Solicitation Year:
2010
Solicitation Topic Code:
T8.03
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
MD, Sparks, MD, 21152-9201
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
808275890
Principal Investigator:
Sudhir Trivedi
Principal Investigator
(410) 472-2600
strivedi@brimrosetechnology.com
Business Contact:
Diane Murray
Business Official
(936) 588-6901
dmurray@brimrosetechnology.com
Research Institute:
Applied Research Laboratory at the Pennsylvania State University
Pamela R. Righter
P.O. Box 30
State College, PA, 16804-16804
() -
Domestic nonprofit research organization
Abstract
NASA is interested in advancing green technology research for achieving sustainable and environmentally friendly energy sources. Thermo-electric power generation (TEPG) has exceptionally rich potential to fulfill this need. A TEPG module requires (1) material that can provide high figure of merit while still providing efficient heat control; (2) low resistance ohmic contacts that operate at high temperature; and (3) efficient heat sink material to provide optimal temperature difference between hot and cold junctions. In Phase I, we addressed all of these issues. We successfully produced device quality n-type and p-type, single crystalline and bulk nano-composite PbTe material suitable for TEPG device fabrication. We also developed a novel electrical contact technology having low electrical resistance and capability to withstand significantly elevated temperatures (>800 degree C). And we developed a light weight, highly thermal conductive (50 to 60 % better than copper) heat sink material with tailored low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). These improvements allowed us to develop the design and technique for fabrication of large scale TEPG on a manufacturing level. In Phase II we will expand upon these developments and implement them. We will fabricate TEPG devices using the nano-composite materials. These devices will utilize the ohmic contacts and the heat sink technology that we developed. We will also utilize another approach that we developed in which two materials (PbTe and (Bi-Sb)2(Se-Te)3 based alloys) are segmented into a two-part material that has high efficiency over the entire temperature range from 200-500 degreeC, PbTe being at the hot end and the (Bi-Sb)2(Se-Te)3 based material at the cold end. Our ultimate goal will be to build a TEPG module using such segmented devices to demonstrate the generation of 1kWatt of power. We will develop the technology of fabricating these modules at a large scale manufacturing level, at low cost.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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