Flexible Transfer of Regolith in Micro-Gravity and Vacuum

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch:
N/A
Amount:
$124,870.00
Award Year:
2012
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX12CD91P
Agency Tracking Number:
114406
Solicitation Year:
2011
Solicitation Topic Code:
X1.01
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Grainflow Dynamics, Inc.
1141 Catalina Drive, PMB 270, Livermore, CA, -
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
193084980
Principal Investigator
 Otis Walton
 Principal Investigator
 (925) 447-4293
 walton@grainflow.com
Business Contact
 Otis Walton
Title: Business Official
Phone: (925) 447-4293
Email: walton@grainflow.com
Research Institution
 Stub
Abstract
A novel, robust method of collection and transfer of NEO/Phobos material under micro-gravity conditions under vacuum/space environment with minimal loss of volatiles will be developed and its feasibility demonstrated. The same designs can also be utilized in lunar or Martian applications with only minor modifications. Design of the light-weight flexible conveyor ducts will utilize recently verified regolith simulation software to assure that the concepts are viable under microgravity conditions, and prototypes will be tested under vacuum conditions in Phase-1 (and under micro-gravity during Phase-2). Depending on the drill-head/feeder design selected, these flexible transfer ducts could be used in extraction of material from depths of a meter or more below the surface. Under Martian conditions a 1-cm-diameter conveying duct could deliver 5 kg/hr of material to a processing station for extraction/processing of volatiles. Trade-off studies during Phase-1 will determine potential power saving (if any) in larger diameter conveying ducts (e.g., 1.5 or 2cm dia) and/or the power requirements in a smaller diameter conveying duct (e.g. 0.5 cm dia) under Martian conditions. Unlike conventional screw conveyors, these flexible transfer ducts would be robust to oversize material up to a size of one-half the transfer duct radius. Coupled with an oversize-rejection inlet feeder, the system could provide high reliability transfer of loose regolith with one or two major moving parts. Modular designs are possible, as is the incorporation of energy-efficient ultrasonic (or percussion) drill heads, or sensors near a sub-surface inlet.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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