QuitAdvisorOB: A tool for delivering smoking cessation guidance to pregnant women

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R41DA032201-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41DA032201
Amount: $209,566.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Awards Year: 2012
Solicitation Year: 2012
Solicitation Topic Code: NIDA
Solicitation Number: PA11-097
Small Business Information
620 S 8TH ST #316, SHEBOYGAN, WI, 53081-4450
DUNS: 965570877
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (608) 268-6657
Business Contact
Phone: (608) 268-6657
Email: glreynolds@gmail.com
Research Institution
LEXINGTON, KY, 40506-0057
 () -
 Nonprofit college or university
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this project is to provide a smoking-cessation intervention tool for health care providers in prenatal settings. Smoking during pregnancy is a significant public health issue. The prevalence of smoking in women of child-bearing age generally ranges between 17 and 35 percent worldwide, and is heavily influenced by maternal age, ethnicity, education, and socioeconomic level. Smoking while pregnant has been linked to several serious health effectsin infants, including impaired lung function, low birth-weight, and preterm birth. Clearly, interventions to prevent smoking during pregnancy have enormous public health importance, but existing interventions have achieved sub-optimal outcomes. This application proposes development of QuitAdvisorOB, an interactive, web-distributable, clinical decision support software application for computers or mobile devices. Based on proven patient-centered counseling techniques such as Motivational Interviewing, the 5A's (ask, advise, assess, assist, and arrange), and Stages of Change, QuitAdvisorOB will assist prenatal care givers in providing patient-tailored smoking cessation counseling, while facilitating provider adherence to evidence- based practice guidelines.During Phase I, we will develop content and mock-ups of the proposed tool, create a web-based functioning prototype, and subject it to formal usability testing in OB/GYN physicians and nurses, and a pilot study evaluating the prototype's effect on the patients' progression along the stages-of-change continuum. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This research effort will impact public health by developing a health-care provider tool that aids in smoking-cessation counseling in pregnant women. Reducing smokingin pregnant women has significant health benefits for infants and children.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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