Planar Liquid-Vapor Imaging of Fuel Sprays for JP-8 and Alternative Fuels

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$746,118.00
Award Year:
2012
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
FA8650-12-C-2232
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
F103-196-1669
Solicitation Year:
2010
Solicitation Topic Code:
AF103-196
Solicitation Number:
2010.3
Small Business Information
5100 Springfield Street, Suite 301, Dayton, OH, -
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
Y
Duns:
782766831
Principal Investigator:
Sukesh Roy
CEO
(937) 902-6546
sroy@woh.rr.com
Business Contact:
Sivaram Gogineni
President
(937) 256-7733
contact@spectralenergies.com
Research Institution:
Stub




Abstract
ABSTRACT: An optical technique for reliably separating and quantifying the liquid and vapor phases of real fuels has been elusive. Challenges include multiple scattering in dense regions, complex laser interaction with the fuel, a wide range of length scales, and effects of temperature and pressure. This proposal seeks to overcome these difficulties by (1) introducing a new approach to distinguishing yet capturing both the liquid and vapor phases, (2) removing the effects of multiple scattering, (3) capturing single-shot planar images of droplets, droplet size distributions, and vapor concentrations, and (4) utilizing and calibrating for real fuels, such as JP-8. This will be accomplished through laser-induced fluorescence, phosphorescence, and Mie scattering combined with structured laser illumination. In addition to developing a simplified diagnostic platform to perform these combined diagnostics, significant effort will be expended to analyze data from cold and heated sprays to determine calibration parameters for specific fuels such as JP-8. The Phase I showed the feasibility of these proposed experimental methods, and the Phase II program will focus on the development of the laser-based planar imaging hardware and software system. BENEFIT: Proper fuel-air mixture preparation is critical for meeting the performance objectives of propulsion devices, including gas-turbine combustors, afterburners, pulsed-detonation engines, and rocket engines. The proposed work would provide new tools for visualizing the multiphase mixture preparation process in these devices for real fuels. This will enable researchers to study ignition, flame stabilization, combustion efficiency, and emissions as a function of injector design and operation conditions, leading to improved performance for the warfighter. In addition, the proposed laser diagnostic tools will be useful in a wide variety of multiphase flow applications, including commercial propulsion, stationary power generation, internal combustion engines, space heating, production of alternative fuels, and industrial sprays. Hence, the advanced diagnostic hardware for simultaneous detection of multiple planar images and calibrated signal interpretation algorithms should see wide commercial potential.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government