Passive Infrared Detection of Liquids on Surfaces

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: N/A
Contract: W911SR-12-C-0045
Agency Tracking Number: A2-4962
Amount: $597,299.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2012
Solicitation Year: 2011
Solicitation Topic Code: A11-044
Solicitation Number: 2011.1
Small Business Information
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150, Honolulu, HI, -
DUNS: 827040085
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Edward Knobbe
 (808) 748-1709
Business Contact
 Edward Knobbe
Title: President
Phone: (808) 748-1709
Research Institution
The US Army, in support of the Joint Contaminated Surface Detector program (JCSD) program, has expressed a need to extend the advantages of wide area passive infrared sensing of chemical contaminants to the problem of detecting liquids contaminants on surfaces. A passive wide area monitoring system would allow rapid evaluation of large areas for chemical warfare (CW) contamination and provide detailed information as to position of ground contaminated with a persistent liquid. Surface CW contamination presents a serious threat both to the civilian and military sectors and an adequate defense against these weapons will require rapid detection and identification of both known and unknown agents. Recent measurements in the scientific literature suggest that passive long wave infrared sensors are capable of detecting liquids on the ground by utilizing cold sky reflectance. The physics of passive detection of liquids on surfaces is not well understood. However, the cold-sky refection drives the physics of passive detection of liquids on surfaces. A better understanding of the physics of cold-sky reflectance is needed to understand and exploit this phenomenon. The reflectivity of liquid-contaminated natural surfaces is generally not well-described using simple reflectance models. The project team seeks to explore and exploit this phenomenology.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government