IntelliWheels: The Automatic Transmission for Manually Propelled Wheelchairs

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R43HD071653-01
Agency Tracking Number: R43HD071653
Amount: $164,567.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2012
Solicitation Year: 2012
Solicitation Topic Code: NICHD
Solicitation Number: PA11-096
Small Business Information
60 HAZELWOOD DR, STE 204, CHAMPAIGN, IL, 61820-7460
DUNS: 963409037
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (630) 341-1942
Business Contact
Phone: (630) 341-1942
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): IntelliWheels, the first automatic multi-speed transmission for wheelchairs, is a significant paradigm shift in the way that manual wheelchairs can be used because it uses automatic gear changes to facilitate propulsion. The wheelchair user still pushes the hand rims forward, backward, and in opposite directions in order to turn; however the hand rims drive the 3-speed transmissions (located in each wheel hub), which in turn drive the wheels. Similar to way that peopleride bicycles, gear shifting allows people to move up and down hills, over rough terrain, and over long distances in a more efficient way. Our target users are specifically the 850,000 manual wheelchair users (mWCUs) who are low-mid and mid-high functioning. This group is mostly independent and active, experiences moderate difficulty pushing a wheelchair, and can easily see how the automatic gear shifting in the IntelliWheels system would benefit them in their day-to-day life. This device has the potentialto address a very pressing problem experienced by mWCUs, pain. It has been reported that shoulder pain is experienced by up to 70% of the 1.5 million manual wheelchair users in the U.S. Shoulder pain in mWCUs has been directly linked to further disabilityincluding difficulty performing activities of daily living, decreased physical activity, and reduced quality of life. Overall, any loss of upper limb function due to pain adversely impacts the independence and mobility of mWCUs. Subsequently, it is imperative to develop innovative technologies, therapies, and interventions to minimize shoulder pain. Current options for mWCUs experiencing shoulder pain include: powered wheelchairs which are heavy, expensive, and provide more assistance than is necessary formWCUs; power assist manual wheelchairs which are heavy, expensive, and have short battery life; lever wheelchairs which are novel but fail to gain acceptance; and one 2-speed design which requires the user to manually shift gears and costs 5000. The needto manually switch gears further limits that product to individuals with sufficient cognitive function or dexterity. Therefore an add-on which allows mWCUs to continue to use their self-propelled chairs, and provides a low-cost, low-weight, multiple speedsolution that does not require user input is necessary. During the requested 12-month project period, we will design and fabricate an Alpha proof-of-concept prototype and a refined Beta prototype. The Beta prototype will be redesigned to meet target specifications: weight less than 10 lbs, battery life of at least 24 hours, and manufacturable for no more than 1,500 per system. This cost allows a market price of 3,000. Additionally, the market price makes it reimbursable with standard Medicare codes. The prototypes will be put through rigorous bench-top tests in which the reliability of the mechanical and the electronic systems are tested. Finally, user feedback through focus groups and end- user demonstration testing will be studied to determine the appealand preliminary performance of the IntelliWheels system design. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Shoulder pain is experienced by up to 70% of the 1.5 million manual wheelchair users in the United States. It has been directly linked to further disability including difficulty performing activities of daily living, decreased physical activity, and reduced quality of life. As the first multi-speed automatic transmission for manually propelled wheelchairs, the IntelliWheels system will revolutionize how manualwheelchair users push their wheelchairs by reducing the strain on the upper body and shoulders. The IntelliWheels system is an add-on option with two modified wheels and an electronics package that mount to any wheelchair frame.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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