Minimally Invasive Image-Guided Laser Treatment of Epilepsy

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R43NS077693-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R43NS077693
Amount: $160,922.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2012
Solicitation Year: 2012
Solicitation Topic Code: NINDS
Solicitation Number: PA11-096
Small Business Information
DUNS: 969792050
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (713) 741-0111
Business Contact
Phone: (713) 741-0111
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this Phase I SBIR application is to develop a new minimally invasive therapy for laser ablation of epileptogenic seizure foci. There is a large unmet need for better treatment options for the nearly one million epilepsy patients in the U.S. that are refractory to current medical treatments. While surgical removal of the epileptogenic foci offers relief in 70 percent of the well selected cases, most patients decide against this option due to the highly invasive nature of the procedure. We hypothesize that precise, image-guided laser thermal ablation of epilepsy foci would provide results approaching surgical resection in terms of seizure relief, and could be carried out with a far lower risk of surgical morbidity to the patient. In Phase I we will use our FDA-cleared technology (Visualase Thermal Therapy System), which is currently used for cancerous tumor ablation applications, to perform a pilot feasibility study in adult epilepsy patients who are refractory to medical therapy and have an identifiable lesion deemed responsible for their seizures. We will also develop hardware and software enhancements which will optimize the system for this application. In Phase II, we will perform expanded multi-center clinical studies on patients with broader inclusion criteria, including treatment of mesial temporal lobe epilepsies. Finally, we will construct a data registry with the goal of gathering clinical data necessary for the design of a successful definitive FDA trialin Phase III in which we will seek specific indications for the treatment of Epilepsy. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: RELEVANCE Current medical therapy leaves 30 percent of Epilepsy patients without adequate control of their seizures. Developmentof a minimally invasive surgical option for thermally destroying the tissue in the brain responsible for seizures would have a significant impact on epilepsy patients and their families. This project will develop precise methods using MRI-guided laser technology, which if successful, has potential to be that minimally invasive option.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government