Functionalized Imidazoles for Enhanced Solvent-Based Post-Combustion CO2 Capture

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$150,000.00
Award Year:
2013
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
DE-FG02-13ER90649
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
76920
Solicitation Year:
2013
Solicitation Topic Code:
16a
Solicitation Number:
DE-FOA-0000801
Small Business Information
3052 Sterling Circle, Boulder, CO, 80301-2338
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
829834055
Principal Investigator:
Alfred Brown
Dr.
(303) 578-1165
brown@ion-engineering.com
Business Contact:
Alfred Brown
Dr.
(303) 578-1165
brown@ion-engineering.com
Research Institute:
Stub




Abstract
In order to dramatically reduce CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants and mitigate their impact on global climate change, DOE has called for technologies that can capture at least 90% of CO2 emissions from an existing coal-fired power plant with & lt; 35% increase in the cost of electricity (COE). One approach with the potential to achieve these goals is the use of advanced solvents to separate CO2 from the other flue gas components. While some progress is being made towards this goal, significant additional R & amp;D in solvent physical and chemical properties is still needed to reduce costs and meet DOE goals. This project will develop novel organic solvents that contain an amine plus an imidazole, a class of low- volatility organic molecules with tunable properties. This approach enables multiple chemical pathways to proceed in the solvent that serve to maximize capacity for CO2 and minimize regeneration energy. This increased efficiency can provide the performance needed to meet or exceed DOE goals for post- combustion CO2 capture. These advanced solvents will be tested in the laboratory during Phase I with testing on actual flue during Phase II. The intended commercial application of this solvent technology is post-combustion CO2 capture from existing coal-fired power plants. Additional applications include post-combustion natural gas-fired power generation as well as other coal and natural gas-fired flue gas from industrial processes. The ultimate goal of this program is to provide an economically viable solution to the removal of the major component of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel combustion emissions.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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