Low Temperature Trash Gasification Reactor

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$124,998.00
Award Year:
2013
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX13CA23P
Agency Tracking Number:
125037
Solicitation Year:
2012
Solicitation Topic Code:
H1.01
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave., Wheat Ridge, CO, 80033-1916
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
181947730
Principal Investigator:
Robert Copeland
Principal Engineer
(303) 940-2323
Copeland@tda.com
Business Contact:
John Wright
Chief Technology Officer
(303) 940-2300
krhodus@tda.com
Research Institution:
Stub




Abstract
Converting in-situ resources into propellants, energy storage reactants, or other useful products at the site of exploration, known as in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), instead of transporting these supplies from Earth can significantly reduce the cost and risk of human exploration while at the same time enabling new mission concepts and long term exploration sustainability. NASA needs innovative gasification reactors to convert trash into useful intermediate products such as carbon dioxide and water, which can ultimately be used to make methane and oxygen for propulsion and energy generation applications. Unfortunately, partial oxidation reactors and incinerators that might be used to reduce trash to useful products operate at high temperatures and also create ash, tar and other undesirable by-products. TDA Research has developed a low temperature (<135 degrees C) ozone oxidation process that efficiently and cleanly converts trash into carbon dioxide and water. These intermediate products can then be delivered to a Sabatier reactor for the production of methane and oxygen. However, our reactor was designed for use on the moon or Mars whereas future spacecraft will need systems able to function in zero-g and micro-g environments. Therefore, TDA proposes to develop a trash gasification reactor that uses our ozone oxidation process and will work in the absence of gravity. In this project we will conduct the analysis and experiments to design the reactor.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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