A Two-Stage Waste Gasification Reactor for Mars In-Situ Resource Utilization

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$122,167.00
Award Year:
2013
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX13CC28P
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
124698
Solicitation Year:
2012
Solicitation Topic Code:
H1.01
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
45 Manning Road, Billerica, MA, 01821-3976
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
030817290
Principal Investigator:
Hsi-WuWong
Principal Investigator
(978) 663-9500
hwwong@aerodyne.com
Business Contact:
GeorgeWittreich
Executive Vice President
(978) 932-0215
gnw@aerodyne.com
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
We propose to design, build, and test a two-stage waste processing reactor for space applications. Our proposed technology converts waste from space missions into hydrogen, water, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide that can be used for energy production and/or life support. This innovative reactor technology employs a pyrolysis reactor as the first step, followed by a chemical looping gasification reactor as the second step. The two-stage process is more suitable than the traditional one-step gasification process, because solid residues associated with the waste, such as ash and tar, are contained in the pyrolysis unit. The utilization of metal oxides that can be readily obtained at the site of exploration as an oxidizer in the gasification (second) step instead of traditional oxidizers such as oxygen or steam further saves the valuable resources that can be used for life support systems or other space applications. If successful, our innovation can fully utilize natural (metal oxides) and discarded (wastes from space missions) materials that may exist during space exploration, thus saving the valuable oxygen or water that can be used for life support systems or other space applications.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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