Residual Stress Engineering for Aerospace Structural Forgings

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8650-13-C-5012
Agency Tracking Number: F121-113-0162
Amount: $749,509.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2013
Solicitation Year: 2012
Solicitation Topic Code: AF121-113
Solicitation Number: 2012.1
Small Business Information
Hill Engineering, LLC
3035 Prospect Park Drive, Suite 180, Rancho Cordova, CA, -
DUNS: 174410394
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Adrian DeWald
 Managing Member
 (916) 635-5706
Business Contact
 Adrian DeWald
Title: Managing Member
Phone: (916) 635-5706
Research Institution
ABSTRACT: Aircraft engine and structural components are being produced from forgings with increasingly complex geometries in a range of aerospace alloys. The forging process involves a number of steps required to attain favorable material properties (e.g., heat treatment, rapid quench, and cold work stress relieving). These processing steps, however, also result in the introduction of residual stress. Excessive bulk residual stresses can have negative consequences including: part distortion, reduced crack initiation life, and increased crack growth rates. While bulk residual stresses are often accounted for with simple approximations that ensure safety, there is an opportunity to improve the understanding of the bulk residual stress fields in forged parts and to monitor them as a routine part of quality assurance, which would reduce design uncertainty associated with residual stresses and would allow for higher performing structure. The proposed program will develop an approach for quality management of residual stresses in aerospace forgings, will develop technology to support quality system implementation, and will demonstrate the quality system in a production environment. The proposed quality system will combine advanced computational process modeling and residual stress measurement technology to establish a robust system of production control. BENEFIT: The proposed program offers a logical next-step in the continued improvement of structural engineering methods. Advances in residual stress technology over the past decade (or more) have resulted in improved tools for the analysis of residual stress effects on material performance. Technology is available, for example, to predict fatigue crack growth accounting for residual stress effects. By specifically accounting for residual stress effects in these calculations, designs can become more efficient and require lower safety margins. This leads to higher, more aggressive performance. One significant missing ingredient inhibiting the full accounting of residual stress in design is the fact that residual stress levels are typically not certified in the material supply chain. The development of a quality management system for residual stresses in forged aerospace components will enable material suppliers to certify the level of residual stress in their forged product, which will enable end users to specifically account for residual stress effects in design (and will result in significant positive benefit).

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government