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Development of a web-based database and research engine for genetic discovery

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R44HG006981-02
Agency Tracking Number: R44HG006981
Amount: $1,367,504.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NHGRI
Solicitation Number: PA12-088
Solicitation Year: 2013
Award Year: 2013
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
1390 Shorebird Way
United States
DUNS: 780119710
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: Yes
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): 23andMe, Inc., is a personal genomics company with a mission of accelerating medical discoveries by empowering consumers to participate in research. At the heart of this mission is the 23andMe research engine, a novel platform for conducting genetic studies that allows individuals to participate in genetic research by enrolling in the company's Personal Genome Service(R) and taking online surveys. Over 130,000 individuals have contributed genetic and phenotypic data, andthis number is growing by over 50,000 each year. Our initial publications have shown the power and efficiency of this web-based approach for discovering novel genetic associations for a range of traits and diseases. These early successes, however, made only partial use of the rich and rapidly expanding 23andMe database. Our current challenge is to fully mine the genetic and phenotypic information that we are collecting in order to accelerate the pace of human genetic research. In Phase I of this grant, wehave demonstrated the feasibility of this unique research approach. We have developed new computational tools to facilitate analysis of thousands of phenotypes in hundreds of thousands of people, curated survey data related to many new phenotypes, studiedthe reliability of our genetic data, and conducted user interviews for several surveys. Building on this foundation, in Phase II we will refine existing survey questions, develop and post new surveys, and analyze a subset of the resulting data to furtherdemonstrate the utility of this platform (Aim #1); implement novel web-based data collection tools to efficiently gather longitudinal and cognitive data (Aim #2); capitalize on the upcoming explosion of whole-genome sequence data through statistical imputation, making it possible for us to discover rare SNPs associated with disease (Aim #3); and test and refine a new tool, the 23andMe Research Portal, that will provide external researchers access to the 23andMe database (Aim #4). We expect that by the endof the proposed project the 23andMe database will include genetic and phenotypic data for over 400,000 individuals, including members of several understudied populations. This database has the potential to yield thousands of novel genetic associations fordiseases and traits, leading to a greater biological understanding of these conditions, potential drug targets, and improved tools to predict an individual's genetic risk of disease. A key commercial outcome of the project will be a database and researchengine that is more valuable to potential research partners. Furthermore, discoveries will drive new reports for 23andMe customers, thus increasing the value of the Personal Genome Service(R). PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Genetic research has already produced biological discoveries and personalized treatments, but the field has far to go. This proposal aims to accelerate that research by taking advantage of 23andMe's growing membership of research participants who provide a wide range of personal as well as genetic information. The study will enable 23andMe to greatly increase the scope of their research and lead to new understanding of how genetics impacts human disease.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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