IN VIVO COINCIDENCE XRF MEASUREMENTS FOR HEAVY METALS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,491.00
Award Year:
1990
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
13851
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Abiomed Inc
33 Cherry Hill Dr, Danvers, MA, 01923
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Douglas E Burger
(508) 777-5410
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
X-RAY FLUORESCENCE (XRF) IS THE MOST PRECISE METHOD OF MEASURING BODY AND ORGAN BURDENS OF HEAVY METALS IN VIVO. HOWEVER, THE REQUIRED PRECISION FOR SCREENING OF CHRONICALLYLOW-LEVEL-EXPOSED POPULATIONS FOR THESE METALS, IN PARTICULAR LEAD AND MERCURY, IS BETWEEN 5 AND 20 TIMES GREATER THAN ACHIEVABLE BY CURRENT METHODS. THIS PROJECT DESCRIBES AN INNOVATIVE VARIATION OF XRF THAT CAN PROVIDE AN IMPROVEMENT IN PRECISION OF ONE TO TWO ORDERSOF MAGNITUDE OVER PRESENT TECHNOLOGY. THIS IS ACHIEVED BY REDUCING THE BACKGROUND UNDER THE SIGNAL BY A FACTOR OF 10 MILLION, WHILE REDUCING THE SIGNAL ITSELF BY ONLY 100. PHASE I WILL PROVE THE FEASIBILITY OF THE APPROACH. THREE TO FOUR MILLION YOUNG CHILDREN FROM ALL LEVELS OF SOCIETY ARE EXPOSED TO ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCES OF LEAD AT CONCENTRATIONS THAT PLACE THEM AT RISK OF ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS. MERCURY IS UBIQUITOUS. MANY FOODS, ESPECIALLY SEAFOODS, CONTAIN SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF MERCURY, AND THERE ARE OVER 100 INDEPENDENT OCCUPATIONS WITH POSSIBLE EXPOSURESTO LEAD OR MERCURY. YET, THERE IS NO TOOL AVAILABLE TO MEASURE BODY OR ORGAN BURDENS OF LEAD OR MERCURY WITH SUFFICIENT PRECISION FOR SCREENING CHRONICALLY LOW-LEVEL-EXPOSED POPULATIONS. THE APPROACH USED IN THIS RESEARCH WILL ENABLE THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUCH A TOOL.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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