NEW FLOW CYTOMETRY TECHNOLOGIES FOR CLINICAL HEMATOLOGY

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 13916
Amount: $500,000.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1993
Solitcitation Year: N/A
Solitcitation Topic Code: N/A
Solitcitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Abiomed Inc.
33 Cherry Hill Dr, Danvers, MA, 01923
Duns: N/A
Hubzone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Douglas E Burger
 (508) 777-5410
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
AUTOMATED BLOOD CELL ANALYSIS IS A ROUTINE FUNCTION IN THE CLINICAL HEMATOLOGY LABORATORY. HOWEVER, THE FLOW CYTOMETRIC INSTRUMENTATION PERFORMING THESE TESTS MAY HAVE FUNDAMENTAL LIMITATIONS REGARDING MEASUREMENT OF RED BLOOD CELL VOLUME, RED BLOOD CELL HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION, AND ACCURATE CLASSIFICATION OF WHITE BLOOD CELL SUBPOPULATIONS. THE "HIGH-END" INSTRUMENTS HAVE BECOME VERY COMPLEX AND EXPENSIVE IN ORDER TO ENSURE THAT AN ACCURATE AND RELIABLE RESULT CAN BE REPORTED. YET, THERE IS NO TOOL AVAILABLE TO DO THESE KINDS OF MEASUREMENTS ANY DIFFERENTLY OR BETTER. THIS PROJECT IS CONCERNED WITH TWO METHODS FOR THE CLINICAL FLOW CYTOMETRY HEMATOLOGY LABORATORY THAT CAN OVERCOME THE PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION AND VOLUME INTERFERENCES WHEN MAKING RED BLOOD CELL MEASUREMENTS AND OVERCOME THE PROBLEM OF REFRACTIVE INDEX AND VOLUME INTERFERENCE IN THE WHITE BLOOD CELL DIFFERENTIAL MEASUREMENT. THIS IS DONE BY SIMULTANEOUSLY DETERMINING CELL DRY MASS BY MEASUREMENTS OF PHASE USING A TWO-FREQUENCYHENE LASER AND CELL VOLUME BY THE PRINCIPLE OF DYE EXCLUSION. THIS PHASE I RESEARCH WILL CHARACTERIZE BOTH TECHNIQUES USING PARTICLE AND BLOOD SAMPLES ON AN EXPERIMENTAL FLOW CYTOMETER. THE ULTIMATE INSTRUMENT WILL BE A LOW-COST DEVICE CAPABLE OF MAKING ACCURATE RED BLOOD CELL AND WHITE BLOOD CELL DRY MASS AND VOLUME MEASUREMENTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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