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STTR Phase I: Production of Bio-adhesive from Animal Waste

Award Information
Agency: National Science Foundation
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1346473
Agency Tracking Number: 1346473
Amount: $225,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NM
Solicitation Number: N/A
Solicitation Year: 2013
Award Year: 2014
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2014-01-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2015-06-30
Small Business Information
3626 Belmont St Ste W, Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, 27411-0001
DUNS: 078841232
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Daniel Oldham
 (217) 493-8368
Business Contact
 Daniel Oldham
Phone: (217) 493-8368
Research Institution
 North Carolina Agricultural&Technical State University
 1601 E. Market Street
Greensboro, NC, 27411-
 () -
 Nonprofit college or university
This Small Business Technology Transfer Phase I project will result in the development of a scalable prototype technology to transform swine manure into a sustainable alternative for petroleum-based construction adhesives. Thermochemical liquefaction processing of swine manure will be used to produce bio-oil which will be chemically modified to produce adhesives. Treatment of swine manure is a worldwide issue; current practices have high cost, both environmentally and economically. The proposed technology addresses these problems by converting swine manure into bio-adhesives which are then used as liquid asphalt for construction applications. The price of liquid asphalt has increased dramatically (by 150% over the past nine years), as refineries are decreasing asphalt production by converting their asphalt binder into synthetic fuel and selling it at a much higher price. The specific objective of this project is to determine the commercial feasibility and to scale up bio-adhesive technology via the design and construction of a pilot plant. The pilot plant will be further used to determine optimum heating and cooling rates to develop bio-adhesives with specified rheological characteristics by relating the molecular structure of the bio-adhesive to its mechanical properties, on one hand, and to the bio-adhesive processing parameters from the other side. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project is to create a novel and transformative approach to develop sustainable construction adhesives, while also sequestering carbon from manure and providing a sustainable solution to manure management. Currently, more than 6 billion gallons of swine manure are produced annually in the U.S., and all of this waste must be treated. More than 90% of swine manure is stored in lagoons, with the remainder sold to farmers as fertilizer - with added costs to the hog farmers to store and deliver it. The proposed process will also create a source of revenue for farmers and lead to new jobs related to production of bio-adhesives and their applications. Finally, this technology can lead to a reduction of the U.S. dependence on foreign petroleum resources.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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