A Hybrid Pyrolysis/Incineration System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$599,944.00
Award Year:
2004
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
NNA04CA07C
Agency Tracking Number:
023836
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street, East Hartford, CT, 06108
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
021804661
Principal Investigator:
Michael Serio
Principal Investigator
(860) 528-9806
mserio@AFRinc.com
Business Contact:
James Markham
Business Official
(860) 528-9806
jim@AFRinc.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
The objective of the Phase I SBIR program was to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating pyrolysis and incineration steps into a system for processing of spacecraft solid wastes. The Phase I study involved a combination of bench scale experiments and data analysis. This work was accomplished in four tasks: 1) design and construct bench scale unit; 2) laboratory studies on solid waste processing; 3) evaluation of laboratory results; 4) preliminary design of Phase II prototype. The Phase I project demonstrated that it is possible to pyrolyze a representative solid waste sample and combust the effluent gases in a catalytic incinerator in a close-coupled integrated reactor system. The net result is a significant reduction in Equivalent System Mass (estimated at about 40%) and system complexity. This integration takes advantage of the best features of each process, which is insensitivity to product mix, no O2 consumption, and batch processing, in the case of pyrolysis, and simplicity of product effluent stream in case of incineration. Under Phase II, a prototype hybrid pyrolysis/incineration system will be developed in collaboration with Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems International (HSSSI) and delivered to NASA.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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