A Modular, Skid-Mounted Biomass Pyrolysis Unit

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$99,996.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
DE-FG02-07ER84767
Agency Tracking Number:
83299
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street, East Hartford, CT, 06108
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
021804661
Principal Investigator:
Marek Wojtowicz
Dr
(860) 528-9806
marek@AFRinc.com
Business Contact:
James Markham
Mr
(860) 528-9806
jim@AFRinc.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
Political, economic, and environmental considerations require that the national dependence on petroleum-based transportation fuels, especially imported oil, be reduced by accelerating the development of domestic renewable alternatives. The United States has the potential to generate, sustainably, about 1.3 billion dry tons of biomass per year, and bio-oil derived from this renewable feedstock could replace part of the currently used fossil fuels. However, a large proportion of the cost of biomass-to-biofuel conversion is associated with transporting the biomass to central processing facilities. Therefore, this project will develop technology for the distributed conversion of diverse biomass to bio-oil, which can then be transported to biorefineries for further upgrading. Phase I will: (1) demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of distributed conversion of biomass to bio-oil; and (2) produce a design of a prototype modular, skid-mounted biomass pyrolysis unit, which will be constructed and demonstrated in Phase II. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: The conversion of crop residues and crop processing wastes to fuels would: (1) replace fuels produced from fossil sources, thus mitigating dependence on foreign oil as well as negative environmental impacts; (2) help spur the development of biorefineries, which will produce both fuels and chemicals from renewable materials; and (3) remove crop residues from landfills, where they take up valuable space and decompose to produce CH4 and CO2, both greenhouse gases.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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