Planar Microfluidic Membraneless Fuel Cells

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Army
Contract: DAAD1903C0100
Agency Tracking Number: A033-0214
Amount: $100,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Awards Year: 2003
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
26 Beckett Way, Suite 2, Ithaca, NY, 14850
DUNS: 133896550
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Hector Abruna
 (607) 255-4720
Business Contact
 Joseph Salsbury
Title: CEO
Phone: (607) 592-5773
Research Institution
 Kimberly Hayes
 Office of Sponsored Programs, 120 Day Hall
Ithaca, NY, 14853
 (607) 255-6841
 Nonprofit college or university
The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing compact 1-10 W fuel cell systems based on the novel, revolutionary, concept of planar microfluidic membraneless fluid cell (PM2FC) recently invented and demonstrated by theauthors of this proposal. The PM2FC concept is closely related to microchannel, membraneless fuel cells (MMC's) that have been previously described in the literature. Just as for MMC's, the PM2FC concept is based on laminar flow of fuel and oxidantsolutions separated by a virtual membrane that allows for proton conductivity, while minimizing mixing of the two solutions. The novel PM2FC design proposed offers an exciting opportunity for fabricating industrially-scalable models of 1-10W (andostensibly higher) membraneless fuel cells. Issues that will be addressed in the Phase I of this project include: (1) cell geometry optimization; (2) materials issues, such as electrode type and microstructure; and (3) new fuel/oxidizer combinations,emphasizing those that have proven unsuitable for conventional PEM-based fuel cells. The need for a compact, reliable, light fuel cell, capable of increased power and fewer logistics problems cannot be overstated. Both military, Army in particular, andindustry are working intensely on developing such devices. The PM2FC design, if successful, will open remarkable opportunities both for federal and civil markets. In this case, -9 2-6.LLC will enter in R&D agreements with ARO and ARL, to assure that thenew fuel cell will be designed and built according to the military specifications in the shortest possible time.In the commercial sector, the company plans to pursue various applications, mainly in small power sources for consumer electronics - the market that might grow extremely rapidly in the coming years. The plan is to build a successful manufacturing facilityin Ithaca, NY, - an area with a high concentration of skillful labor, which, unfortunately, has lately seen a significant economic downturn.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government