Lightweight Virtualization to Detect, React, and Adapt to Cyber Attacks

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Amount:
$96,156.00
Program:
SBIR
Contract:
FA8650-10-M-1770
Solitcitation Year:
2009
Solicitation Number:
2009.2
Branch:
Air Force
Award Year:
2009
Phase:
Phase I
Agency Tracking Number:
O092-IA3-1152
Solicitation Topic Code:
OSD09-IA3
Small Business Information
Zephyr Software LLC
2040 Tremont Rd, Charlottesville, VA, 22911
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Duns:
830972647
Principal Investigator
 Clark Coleman
 Research Scientist
 (434) 974-1356
 clark.coleman@acm.org
Business Contact
 Jack Davidson
Title: Owner
Phone: (434) 242-4280
Email: davidsonjw@acm.org
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Many software defenses against reverse engineering, piracy, and tampering rely on disabling the software when such attacks are detected. The proposed research makes innovative use of proces-level software virtualization on a per-application basis to defeat such attacks without disabling the software. The virtualization technology keeps normal operational run time overhead low, invoking more expensive graded responses only after an attack is initially detected and defeated. The graded responses will be powerful enough to cope with determined nation-state attackers possessing powerful attack resources. The defenses can be thought of as a control system, in which sensors detect attacks and actuators provide graded responses to attacks. The architecture of the defensive system is extensible, permitting further research and development to add new sensors for additional attack classes of concern to the defense community (e.g. back doors and implanted Trojan horses).

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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