Feasibility Test of Seedster Technology to Improve Quantity and Quality of Carrot and Yarrow Seed
Department of Agriculture
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Small Business Information
NATIVE SEEDSTERS, INC
100 POLY DRIVE, SUITE 150, Billings, MT, 59101
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
AbstractThe production of hybrid carrot seed is difficult because of the indeterminacy of ripening and the tendency to shatter mature seeds. The umbel (flat-top cluster) inflorescences (seedheads) of carrots mature sequentially over a 3-4 week period. The primary (king) umbel matures first, followed by the secondary and tertiary umbels. The standard harvest method is to swath when the primary and many of the secondary umbel have reached maturity. After 3-7 days of drying in the windrow the material is run through a combine. Some of the secondary umbels and most of the tertiary umbels are immature, producing seed with poor viability or failing to produce any viable seed at all. If the crop is direct combined, even less viable seed is recovered. Growers are presently unable to harvest all of the potential seed that the carrot plants are capable of producing. The same is true for wildflowers such as western yarrow. This plant has corymb inflorescences (flat-top clusters similar to umbels) that also mature over a 3-4 week period. Stands will have brown (mature), green (developing) and white (still flowering) inflorescences at the same time. With single event harvests, such as direct combining or swathing and combining from a cured windrow, only a fraction of the potential seed production is captured and some of that seed may have low viability. Native Seedsters, Inc. proposes to test the feasibility of Seedster technology to difficult-to-harvest seed of a dry vegetable (carrot) and a native wildflower (western yarrow). The patented Seedster technology consists of counter-rotating brush and combing drum which create a pinch-point where mature seed are dislodged (plucked) from the inflorescence, while immature inflorescences are left intact and allowed to continue to mature and be harvested at a later time. Seedster technology makes it possible for multiple harvests; harvesting seed as it matures, thus increasing the quantity and quality of seed captured from non-uniform ripening crops. Trials will be conducted using a highly adjustable Test-Bed model Seedster, varying pinch-point spacing, brush bristle density, combing drum surface configurations, brush and comb rotating speed and forward ground speed. If the Seedster is able to increase harvestability of carrot and yarrow then this technology may be applied to other difficult-to-harvest dry vegetables such as lettuce and onion and native wildflowers such as aster, biscuitroot and buckwheat that are indeterminate in ripening and are prone to shatter. The Seedster was originally designed to harvest grass seed, but potentially can be used to harvest dry vegetables, wildflowers and specialty biofuel crops such as camelina and meadow foam.
* information listed above is at the time of submission.