A CARBON-13 ISOTOPE ANALYZER

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$208,923.00
Award Year:
1990
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
10678
Agency Tracking Number:
10678
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Aerodyne Research Inc. (Currently AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC.)
45 Manning Rd, Billerica, MA, 01821
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Mark S Zahniser
Principal Investigator
(508) 663-9500
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
ISOTOPIC CARBON ANALYSIS PROVIDES A VALUABLE TOOL FOR STUDIES OF METABOLIC PATHWAYS AND FOR TRACING CARBON TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT. THIS PROPOSAL WOULD DEVELOP AN OPTICAL TECHNIQUE FOR THE CONVENIENT MEASUREMENT OF CARBON ISOTOPIC ((13)C/(12)C) RATIOS. THE INSTRUMENT WILL UTILIZE A LINEAR PHOTODIODE ARRAY TO IMAGE THE SPECTRA ARISING FROM PLASMA EMISSION OF THE CARBON-CONTAINING MOLECULES. SPECTRAL PROCESSING ALGORITHMS WILL BE APPLIED TO REMOVE SPECTRAL INTERFERENCES AND TO CORRECT FOR APPARENTISOTOPIC RATIO SHIFTS DUE TO VARIATIONS IN SAMPLE PRESSURE AND POWER COUPLING. IN THIS PHASE I STUDY, THE OPTIMAL BANDHEADS FOR ISOTOPIC RATIO DETERMINATION USING THE CO MOLECULE WILL BE IDENTIFIED. THE CRITERIA WILL INCLUDE A MINIMAL CONTAMINATION FROM OTHER TRANSITIONS OF THE (12)C ISOTOPE. DIFFERENT EXCITATION SOURCES AND SAMPLE PREPARATION TECHNIQUES WILL BE STUDIED WITH THE INTENT OF COUPLING THE INSTRUMENT TO AN AUTOMATED CARBON-NITROGEN ANALYZER IN PHASE II WORK. THE OUTCOME OF THE PHASE I EFFORT IS EXPECTED TO RESULT IN THE ABILITY TO DETERMINE THEISOTOPE RATIO OF CARBON TO A PRECISION OF 0.01 PERCENT OR 0.1 SIGMA UNIT WHICH WOULD MAKE THE METHOD APPLICABLE TO BOTH NATURAL ABUNDANCE STUDIES AND TRACER ADDITION STUDIES. THE RELATIVE SIMPLICITY AND LOW COST OF THIS INSTRUMENT COMPARED TO MASS SPECTROMETERS WILL GREATLY EXPAND THE APPLICATIONS OF ISOTOPIC ABUNDANCE MEASUREMENTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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