A Novel Device for Managing Hypervolemia in CHF Patients
Small Business Information
NOVAFLUX TECHNOLOGIES, INC., 1 WALL ST, PRINCETON, NJ, -
AbstractDESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We discovered a new modality that will allow us to effectively remove excess fluid from patients and manage hypervolemia. Accordingly, we propose the development of a simple, safe miniature portable device that can slow ly remove sufficient excess fluid, on a continuous basis, from patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). During this two-year Phase I study, we will design and develop this new fluid removal process, and define the design requirements for the miniaturi zed device, which will include a replaceable component. This replaceable component will be designed and evaluated in an in vitro testing circuit. Measurement of inflammatory mediators and clotting factors will be made, along with the continuous monitoring of blood flow rate, and associated pressures at several points in the circuit will be made. Given that there are no such portable devices available for clinical use, this device will have strong potential for improving survival and for decreasing costs for patients with recalcitrant congestive heart failure. Aside from the implied benefit of controlling congestive heart failure and potentially reducing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a major cause of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients, this de vice would be expected to dramatically reduce the excess, repetitive hospitalizations commonly incurred by dialysis patients who suffer from fluid overload and pulmonary edema. Reducing the number of these emergency hospitalizations would undoubtedly be a major cost savings for the Medicare-funded End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and CHF treatments. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal addresses the development of a portable hemofiltration device which can be attached to a central venous catheter for the purpose of providing slow, continuous fluid removal for the maintenance of fluid balance in patients on chronic dialysis. This device would have the most value for those dialysis patients who are having difficulty in controlling blood pressure, fluid retention and pulmonary edema. The proposed design is appealing, with the utilization of a replaceable filtration unit which can be easily attached to a propulsion unit with miniature pumps for propelling blood through a hemofilter. This design could easil y allow for slow, continuous fluid removal (1-3 ml/min) throughout the interdialytic period, allowing dialysis patients to avoid fluid overload. Aside from the implied benefit of controlling congestive heart failure and potentially reducing left ventricula r hypertrophy (LVH), a major cause of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients, this device would be expected to dramatically reduce the excess, repetitive hospitalizations commonly incurred by dialysis patients who suffer from fluid overload and pulmo nary edema. Reducing the number of these emergency hospitalizations would undoubtedly be a major cost savings for the Medicare-funded End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) program. This device could also be used for the management of congestive heart failure (CHF ) in patients who are not on dialysis but in whom emergency admissions for pulmonary edema are a common occurrence.
* information listed above is at the time of submission.