Ultrasound Assisted Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8 Fuel

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Army
Amount:
$100,000.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
W911NF-07-C-0068
Agency Tracking Number:
A074-017-0155
Solicitation Year:
2007
Solicitation Topic Code:
A07-T017
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC.
45 Manning Road, Billerica, MA, 01821
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
030817290
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko
Senior engineer
(978) 932-0280
timko@aerodyne.com
Business Contact:
Charles Kolb
President
(978) 932-0290
kolb@aerodyne.com
Research Institution:
MIT
Angela Olsen
77 Masachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA, 2139
(617) 324-0302
Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
The Army has identified solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power systems as a potential solution to a variety of power needs ranging from roughly 0.1 - 100 kW. Reformed JP-8, the Army logistics fuel, can be used as the feed, but the fuel sulfur content must first be reduced to 10 ppm. We plan to test a novel ultrasonic slurry reactor as part of a compact desulfurization process for treatment of sulfur-rich (up to 3,000 ppm) jet fuel. Sulfur compounds in the fuel will be oxidized to forms which permit subsequent removal. Activated carbon will be used as a heterogeneous catalyst, and the ultrasound will disperse micron-sized water droplets carrying hydrogen peroxide (the proposed oxidant) into the jet fuel. The ultrasonic slurry reactor is expected to have a number of advantages, including fast mass transfer and oxidation rates, reduced hydrogen peroxide consumption, and high selectivity to sulfur compounds. Our extensive testing and analysis of similar systems encourages pursuit of this innovative approach. Specific tasks planned for this Phase I effort include proving the feasibility of the slurry reactor for sulfur oxidation, demonstrating the use of activated carbon to remove sulfur compounds post-oxidation, and identifying potential life-time issues with the ultrasonic horn.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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