Novel Carbon Foam Electrodes for Electrochemical Oxidation and Capacitive Deionization

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Navy
Contract: M67854-09-C-6523
Agency Tracking Number: N082-113-0999
Amount: $99,868.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2009
Solicitation Year: 2008
Solicitation Topic Code: N08-113
Solicitation Number: 2008.2
Small Business Information
300 Dunstan Street Suite 2, Hancock, MI, 49930
DUNS: 101521156
HUBZone Owned: Y
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Janet Metsa
 (906) 483-4080
Business Contact
 Janet Metsa
Title: President
Phone: (906) 483-4080
Research Institution
The novel staged electrochemical oxidation/ capacitive deionization (EO/CDI) treatment system proposed here is based upon a multi-stage treatment approach using: (1) physical filtration to remove macroscopic solid particles, followed by (2) capacitive deionization (CDI) with a novel activated mesocarbon foam, (3) a unique flow-through electrochemical oxidation cell which both promotes direct oxidation at the electrode surface while producing soluble oxidizing compounds (e.g. ozone, hydroxyl radicals, hydrogen peroxide and solvated electrons) in situ, and (4) a second CDI stage to remove by products produced during oxidation and/or salts. For the current solicitation, probably the most important novel feature of the EO/CDI process is its effectiveness in simultaneously oxidizing chemical contaminants, capturing metal ions, inactivating bacteria, viruses, and other water-borne microorganisms with a low power input and a low pressure drop. The EO/CDI technology, if successful, would allow the point-of-use treatment of available water supplies. It has the capability for use in individual units while retaining the ability for scale-up to small stationary water treatment plants. The electrode materials are effective and inexpensive. EO/CDI could provide protection from inorganic and organic compounds in water while minimizing the potential for producing disinfection by-products (DBP’s), sludges, and harmful residues.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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