Xenopus Melanophore-Based Toxicity Sensor for Water

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Army
Amount:
$99,999.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
W81XWH-07-C-0107
Award Id:
83258
Agency Tracking Number:
A074-030-0323
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
P.O. Box 80010, Austin, TX, 78708
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
022552900
Principal Investigator:
TheresaCurtis
Senior Scientist
(607) 272-0002
tcurtis@agavebio.com
Business Contact:
NoeSalazar
President
(512) 656-6200
nsalazar@agavebio.com
Research Institute:
NORTHWESTERN UNIV.
Jamie Young
Rubloff Building 7th Floor
750 North Lake Shore Dr.
Chicago, IL, 60611
(312) 503-7911
Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
Deployed armed forces often have to rely on water that is produced from decentralized sources, which presents significant difficulties for assuring the water is free of chemical toxicants. Analysis of these water supplies often requires complex instrumentation that is not practical for field use. An innovative alternative is the use of cell-based biosensors that can rapidly assess the general toxicity of the water sample and can be made field-portable. The use of living test organisms is a reliable way of measuring the biological impact or toxicity of unknown samples. Agave BioSystems has successfully demonstrated a broad-ranging water toxicity monitoring system using electrical impedance measurements across endothelial cell monolayers. While this system has proven sensitive to many chemicals of interest, the Army desires to extend detection capability to a broader class of toxicants including neurotoxins. Therefore, in collaboration with Dr. Vladimir Gelfand of Northwestern University and in consultation with Dr. Ethan Lerner of Harvard University, Agave BioSystems proposes to demonstrate that Xenopus melanophores can be used as a powerful field toxicity detection system for a wide variety of waterborne toxicants including neurotoxins.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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