Field Analytical Model for Perchlorate

Award Information
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
Branch: N/A
Contract: EPD06043
Agency Tracking Number: B05D4-0217
Amount: $70,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: 05-NCER-D4
Solicitation Number: PR-NC-05-10246
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2006
Award Year: 2006
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2006-03-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2006-08-31
Small Business Information
PO BOX 1306, ANN ARBOR, MI, 48106
DUNS: 787285519
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Richard Smith
 VP Research & Development
 (734) 995-9338
 rsmith@threefoldsensors.com
Business Contact
 James Downward
Title: President
Phone: (734) 995-9338
Email: jdownward@threefoldsensors.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Perchlorate is a widely used component of solid fuel, missile and rocket propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics. It has been shown to reduce iodide uptake into the thyroid gland. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has found perchlorate contamination in 18 states and believes contamination may exist in as many as 39 states. In early January 2005, the National Academy of Sciences, in an EPA-sponsored study, recommended a reference dose (RfD) for human ingestion of 0.7 μg/kg/day, which suggests a maximum contaminant level (MCL) of 24.5 μg/L (ppb) or lower; several states allow between 1 and 6 μg/L. Based upon this recommendation, there is a need for field monitoring of perchlorate in ground and surface waters to test the effluent of remediation facilities and to determine soil cleanup levels. To provide a field analytical method, IA, Inc., has devised a technology that combines ion chromatography (IC), similar to that used in EPA Method 314, with specific perchlorate detection using a low detection limit ion selective electrode (ISE). Use of the perchlorate ISE as the detector results in lower interference from common anions than is found using Method 314. For this method, IA received a patent in 2004 (U.S. Patent No. 6,736,958). This method simplified and improved Method 314, as the ISE replaced both the conductivity detector and the suppression unit. It also improved the approach of measuring perchlorate by ISE, because the presence of sufficiently high levels of competing ions, measured without separation, can yield false positive results. The innovation of this Phase I research is to simplify and standardize electrode construction by casting the electrode on thin-walled, porous tubing after having defined free space. The objectives are to: (1) cast electrodes on a selection of porous tubing, selecting one that provides optimum robustness and reproducibility; (2) optimize electrode response by selecting the ionophore, plasticizer, and other ISE components; and (3) determine the selectivity obtained when using the perchlorate ISE as the detector for IC. Phase II will focus on optimizing calibration, developing analytical software, and field testing a prototype instrument. The resulting instrument will be suitable for field use, adaptable to batch analysis in the laboratory, and capable of remote sensing. Potential markets include U.S. Department of Defense contractors, environmental engineers and testing laboratories, state and municipal water authorities, and remediation firms.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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