VIIRS DNB HGS Radiometric Calibration Source

Award Information
Agency: Department of Commerce
Branch: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Contract: WC-133R-15-CN-0065
Agency Tracking Number: 15-1-002
Amount: $95,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: 8.4.3D
Solicitation Number: N/A
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2015
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2015-08-31
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2016-03-01
Small Business Information
Building 1103, Suite 140C, Stennis Space Center, MS, 39529-0001
DUNS: 806242611
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Robert Ryan
 VP and Chief Technical Officer
 (228) 688-2276
 rryan@i2corp.com
Business Contact
 Mary Pagnutti
Title: President
Phone: (228) 688-2452
Email: mpagnutti@i2corp.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
A new radiometric vicarious calibration approach for the Suomi NPP VIIRS Day/Night Band’s (DNB) high gain stage (HGS) is proposed that will complement traditional, extended source, radiance-based calibrations, which are based on natural lunar illumination and not as accurate as desired. The proposed research will produce affordable, field-deployable, NIST-traceable point source lamps that can achieve HGS DNB radiance per pixel with a long-term, post-correction source stability of better than 1%. Using radiative transfer modeling and VIIRS DNB characteristics, the top-of-atmosphere absolute radiometric accuracy will be better than 5% under clear sky conditions. The artificial source’s spectral distribution can be made similar to that of natural lunar illuminated scenes to ensure this new approach is compatible with ongoing lunar illumination-based vicarious radiometric calibrations. Other spectral distributions can also be produced if needed. To increase energy efficiency and reliability, the source will be remotely controlled and monitored. The source will only turn on during the VIIRS DNB site overpass, when observation conditions are optimal. Built-in lamp sensors will provide lamp health information and auxiliary sensors will provide site environmental conditions. This new approach should be applicable to other nighttime imagers and will help calibrate other point sources observed by VIIRS.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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