Efficient Dewatering System for Biomass

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$91,992.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
DE-FG02-07ER84874
Award Id:
84048
Agency Tracking Number:
82246
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
244 Sobrante Way, Sunnyvale, CA, 94086
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
183365410
Principal Investigator:
John Kelly
Dr
(408) 328-8302
Business Contact:
John Kelly
Dr
(408) 328-8302
john@altextech.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
The high moisture content of biomass degrades its value as a fuel, feedstock, or animal feed. If the moisture content of biomass could be reduced, its Btu content and compatibility with boiler equipment would increase, and its shipping costs and decay would decrease. Unfortunately, current biomass dewatering and drying costs are excessive. This project will develop technology for removing a portion of the moisture as a liquid, followed by the application of a highly efficient thermal dryer to completely dry the biomass. This approach will minimize the cost-per-ton of water removed, relative to conventional dewatering and drying techniques. A small simulator of the dewatering portion of the system will be built and tested in Phase I, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of increasing biomass solids content to over 60%. Using the dewatered test results, the performance of the thermal dryer portion of the concept will then be analytically determined. A detailed cost analysis will be performed to show the economic benefits of the system, compared to conventional dewatering and drying techniques. The concept then will be demonstrated at a field site in Phase II. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: The concept should be applicable to the cost-effective drying of agricultural wastes, animal wastes, pulp and paper sludge, and municipal sludges, thereby increasing their energy value and reducing the need for fossil fuels. It is estimated that drying costs can be reduced by 37%. Further, the economical removal of water will promote the use of biomass for power production, thereby leading to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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