Microsatellite DNA and Its Application in Mentha Species

Award Information
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Branch: N/A
Contract: 2001-33610-10352
Agency Tracking Number: 2001-00054
Amount: $63,780.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2001
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
A.M. Todd Company
P.O. Box 149, Jefferson, OR, 97352
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Jie Liu
 (541) 327-3868
 jliu@amtodd.com
Business Contact
 Mark Morris
Title: Program Director
Phone: (541) 327-3868
Email: mmorris@amtodd.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Essential oil plants in Mentha species have been valued historically for their medicinal, culinary, and fragrance properties. Despite the existence of several mint species and many cultivars, the U.S. Mint Oil Industry is based upon three sterile clones and their minor somatic variants. The narrow genetic base of these commercial varieties could endanger the stability of the mint industry if virulence of disease and/or large-scale fluctuations in weather occur. Extensive genetic diversity exists among other mint species and the U.S. mint industry is considering more effective future exploitation of this diversity to broaden the genetic base. Unfortunately, genetic diversity in mint is very poorly characterized, and the genetic relationships among known species and cultivars remain obscure. Here, we propose evaluating the utility of simple-sequence repeat (SSR or microsatellite) DNA fingerprinting techniques for answering the following questions: What are the relative levels of genetic diversity in extent mint species and cultivars? What are the genetic relationships among those species and cultivars? How well do SSR markers discriminate among closely related cultivars?

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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