LASER-DRIVEN DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION IN HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING FIBERS

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$225,000.00
Award Year:
1991
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
11734
Agency Tracking Number:
11734
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Po Box 3406, Radford, VA, 24143
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Dr Usha V Vaseashta
Research Scientist
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE DISCOVERY OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY IN RARE-EARTH COPPER OXIDE CERAMIC SYSTEM HAS LED TO CONSIDERABLE RESEARCH DIRECTED TOWARD THE DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPONENTS AND DEVICES. HOWEVER, THE APPLICATION OF HIGH CRITICAL TEMPERATURE (TC) SUPERCONDUCTORS HAS BEEN LIMITED BECAUSE OF CRYSTAL ANISOTROPY OF THE RANDOMLY ORIENTED GRAINS IN POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIALS, GRAIN BOUNDARY SEGREGATED PHASES AND MICROCRACKING AT THE GRAIN BOUNDARIES. THESE FACTORS HAVE RESULTED IN LOW CRITICAL CURRENT DENSITIES AND HIGH RESIDUAL RESISTIVITY. TO ADDRESS THIS PROBLEM, THIS PROPOSAL SUGGESTS LASER-DRIVEN DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION OFPOLYCRYSTALLINE UNSINTERED EXTRUSIONS OF HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS UNDER A CONTROLLED THERMAL GRADIENT TO PRODUCE HIGHLY ANISOTROPIC SUPERCONDUCTING FIBERS HAVING CRITICAL CURRENT DENSITIES IN THE RANGE 10(4) TO 10(6) A/CM(2). THE INNOVATION CONTAINED IN THIS PROPOSAL IS THE USE OF LASER HEATING TO MINIMIZE PHASE SEGREGATION BY HEATING VERY RAPIDLY THROUGH THE TWO-PHASE INCONGRUENT MELT REGION. THE PHASE I TECHNICAL OBJECTIVES INCLUDE DEVELOPING A FIBER EXTRUDER AND A THERMAL GRADIENT FURNACE, FINDING EXTRUDER OPERATING CONDITIONS, EVALUATING LASER MELT PARAMETERS, FABRICATING AND CHARACTERIZING SUPERCONDUCTING FIBERS AND OPTIMIZATION OF A PROOF-OF-CONCEPT SYSTEM. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LASER DRIVEN DIRECTION SOLIDIFICATION TECHNIQUE LIES IN THE COST-EFFECTIVE PRODUCTION OF HIGH CRITICAL CURRENT DENSITY SUPERCONDUCTING POLYCRYSTALLINE FIBERS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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