Automating Software Protection with the Random Obfuscating Compiler Version 2 (ROC2) running on Beowulf Clusters

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8650-05-C-8025
Agency Tracking Number: O043-SP3-1006
Amount: $99,804.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2004
Solicitation Topic Code: OSD04-SP3
Solicitation Number: 2004.3
Small Business Information
127 Washington St., Belmont, MA, 02478
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Fred Smith
 Director of Research
 (617) 489-7304
Business Contact
 Cynthia Smith
Title: President
Phone: (617) 489-7304
Research Institution
We propose to develop ROC2 to protect software from reverse engineering or compromise by automatically inserting strong Protect/Detect/React functionality into binaries by obfuscating executables, providing randomly different variants of the same binary, and permitting the software only to run on the target site, all without performance penalty or knowledge of source code. ROC2 extends the Random Obfuscating Compiler (ROC1) we previously developed for OSD/AFRL, to protect IP from adversaries with root privileges, the one class of adversary who could conceivably defeat ROC1. The US is at war. Our adversaries continually strive to reverse engineer critical software to eliminate our technological edge. We think ROC2 is feasible now. Fred Smith, PI, was PI on ROC1, which we demoed successfully for AFRL in November 2003. Dr. George Markowsky, chairman of the University of Maine Computer Science Department, will contribute extensive Beowulf computing facilities and expertise in LINUX and UNIX. We will design and build a prototype ROC2 that proves feasibility when tested on Beowulf clusters, then perform security penetration attack analysis to determine ROC2's effectiveness. Testing our ROC2 prototype in the HPC environment will provide a sound basis for developing a complete prototype toolset in Phase II.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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