PCR Based Diagnostic for Species Identification of Red Snapper and Other Commercial Snapper Species

Award Information
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 2007-00482
Amount: $334,866.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2008
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
3610 NW 42ND TERRACE, Gainesville, FL, 32606
DUNS: 783379386
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 LeeAnn Applewhite
 Chief Executive Officer
 (352) 376-9762
Business Contact
 LeeAnn Applewhite
Title: Chief Executive Officer
Phone: (352) 376-9762
Email: aplsci@bellsouth.net
Research Institution
Red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, is one of the most economically important fish species in the Gulf of Mexico. While there are numerous species of snapper marketed worldwide, in the United States L. campechanus is known as the true red snapper and the only species that can legally be labeled simply "Red Snapper". Another snapper species, Lutjanus purpureus, which is harvested in the South Atlantic and Caribbean Sea, can be labeled red snapper but requires the port of landing in the label such as Caribbean red snapper to indicate that it is not L. campechanus. Due to the significant price difference between L. campechanus and all other snapper species, it is common practice for distributors and retailers to simply label the product "Red Snapper" regardless of the species or country of origin label. In addition, the continued demand for red snapper has contributed to flagrant over fishing of the species. Misidentification of snapper at harvest, results in misrepresentation of a given snapper species population and negates species management efforts. We are proposing the development of an efficient, commercially available, PCR-based diagnostic that will utilize specifically developed DNA markers and provide the level of reproducible discrimination needed to generate a useful snapper species identification method. The development of our assay will provide the industry as well as federal, state, and private labs with a valuable tool for validating the authenticity of red snapper and for managing conservation efforts.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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