Metal Coated Carbon Nanofibers as Pyrophoric IR Countermeasures

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Navy
Contract: N68335-05-C-0177
Agency Tracking Number: N051-001-0477
Amount: $79,904.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2005
Solicitation Topic Code: N05-001
Solicitation Number: 2005.1
Small Business Information
APPLIED SCIENCES, INC.
141 W. Xenia Ave., PO Box 579, Cedarville, OH, 45314
DUNS: 173666215
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Ronald Jacobsen
 Director, R&D
 (937) 766-2020
 rljacobsen@apsci.com
Business Contact
 Max Lake
Title: President / CEO
Phone: (937) 766-2020
Email: mllake@apsci.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Infrared (IR) countermeasures to protect combatant aircraft now use pyrophoric metal foils to generate a decoy IR signature. These foils have a number of drawbacks, such as a limited and known signature that will eventually be defeated and a supply that comes from a non-competitive sole source. Also pyrophoric foils occasionally fail to ignite at high altitude. This project will develop a family of novel metal coated carbon nanofibers (CNF) as an alternative IR pyrophoric material. Vapor phase nickel coated CNF have been observed to be pyrophoric. Furthermore, there are now controlled methods for submicron deposition of nickel and aluminum, which can react pyrophorically to form nickel aluminide. Refinement and characterization of these materials are all that is required to obtain a crucial second source of IR countermeasure material. It is anticipated that control of the coating thickness and content, as well as the IR absorbing and radiating properties of the host CNF will permit new methods of IR spectral control that can be exploited to maintain a renewable technological edge over IR seeker technology. Also, the CNF can be intercalated with an alkali metal as an initiator to ensure pyrophoric ignition under adverse conditions.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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