A Web-Enabled Authoring Tool for Communicating Medical Risks

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Amount:
$100,000.00
Award Year:
2002
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
N00014-03-M-0072
Award Id:
61270
Agency Tracking Number:
O022-0167
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400, Woburn, MA, 01801
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
967259946
Principal Investigator:
Eileen Entin
Senior Research Psycholog
(781) 496-2427
ebe@aptima.com
Business Contact:
Margaret Clancy
Chief Financial Officer
(781) 496-2415
clancy@aptima.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
"Research on framing suggests that an individual's decisions about medical treatments can be affected by whether the information about the impacts of alternative treatments are framed positively (in terms of benefits) or negatively (in terms of risks). Thegoal of this project is to develop a web-enabled authoring tool for communicating medical risks that advises clinicians on how risk information should be framed and how the information should be presented so individuals can make treatment decisions thataccurately reflect the objective data about risks and are consistent with their own values. In Phase I we will review the research literature on framing and information presentation and develop an experiment plan to conduct research on unresolved issues.We will also develop the requirements and an initial prototype for the authoring tool based on our literature review. In Phase II we will carry out the research program designed in Phase I, and apply the results to the development of the authoring tool.We will test the authoring tool using a range of use cases to insure that it is usable by clinicians and that the risk information that is developed is complete and comprehensible to patients. The value of this work is that it will allow authors tocommunicate information about risks in a way that is clear and comprehensible, and that allows individuals to make decisions that are in accordance with the objective data and with which the

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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