A Novel Explosive Initiator Material Utilizing Fullerenes

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 20117
Amount: $66,217.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1993
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
184 Cedar Hill Street, Marlborough, MA, 01752
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Jae Ryu, Ph.d.
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Novel explosive initiator materials are proposed based on fullerenes containing energetic molecules. The proposed innovative multi-layer structure safely stores highly reactive fuel utilizing fullarene chemistry, isolated by a novel metal layer from an oxidant containing fullerene. The final structure will be a unique fullerene-fuel-oxidant composite that can initiate a rapid chemical reaction (detonation) by removal of the separating layer via an electrical discharge. In Phase I, we will identify various energetic elements that can be safely incorporated into fullerenes. Furthermore, we will fabricate a multi-layer structure, which will consist of an oxidant/thin metal isolation layer/fuel/thick film packaging layer. We will initiate the fuel/oxidant reaction via rupturing thin metal isolation layer by applying voltage across the isolation layer. We will determine the transient time of detonation and the peak stress generated using a high speed photographic technique and x-cut quartz crystals, respectively. In Phase II, we will optimize the configuration of the multi-layer structure for the effective detonation of insensitive high explosives. Parameters to be optimized will be thickness, width and resistivity of the separation layer, and choice of reaction coupling and amount of the reactants to ensure safe and effective detonation of insensitive high explosives.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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