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Tutorial 1: DoD – Services

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The mission of the Army SBIR program is to provide, small high-tech businesses with the opportunity to propose innovative research and development solutions in response to critical Army needs.

The Army SBIR Life Cycle begins with input from the field which provides an understanding of the Soldier’s Critical Needs based on information gathered through various mechanisms such as War Fighter Outcomes (WFOs) and Army Warfighter Challenges (AWFC). These needs are reflected in Technology Roadmaps and considered when generating SBIR and STTR topics. Army topics are written by scientists and engineers from the Army Labs, R&D Centers, and Program Executive Offices, also known as PEOs.

The Army typically receives between two and three thousand SBIR Phase I proposals a year and funds between 10 and 13% of them. The Phase I awards are comprised of a base, not to exceed $108,000 and six months of effort, and a Phase I Option not to exceed $54,000 and four months of effort. Phase II typically lasts for 2 years and has a ceiling of $1,075,000. Phase II provides the opportunity to validate and mature the topic solution. Roughly fifty percent of Phase I awardees receive a Phase II award. The Army also has a Phase II Enhancement program which enables it to provide an additional $537,500 if a company can match these additional SBIR funds with non-SBIR funding from a DoD acquisition program or from the private sector. The goal for good SBIR/STTR projects is that they will transition to Phase III, assuming that the need persists and the solution is cost effective. The hallmark of Phase III is that the company will continue the maturation of the technology with non-SBIR/STTR funding from either the government or the private sector. The end result of sustained and collaborative efforts during Phase III is that solutions needed by the war fighter are provided.

Like other services, the Army’s budget for SBIR and STTR awards has decreased over the last 10 years - going from $243 million in 2007 to $151 million in 2015. Due to this decrease, the number of topics, as well as the number of Phase I and Phase II awards have been reduced. However, this trend has reversed as the budget began to recover and reached $192 million in 2016. In FY18, the Army received 2,229 SBIR proposals and made 275 SBIR awards.

The participating Army organizations that provide topics include a dozen PEOs, as well as numerous Command and Research centers. The term PEO by the way, can be used to refer to the program executive officer, that is the person associated with the program that he or she manages, also called a PEO or Program Executive Office.

To help you learn more about the Army organizations which sponsor topics, we have included a set of short videos prepared by those organizations within the Army which fund the greatest number of SBIR topics including the Communications, Electronics Research, Development, and Engineering Center or CERDEC, as well as the Army Research Labs or ARL, and the Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center, also known as TARDEC. To view these videos, please navigate to the Tools section, and look under Customers.

The accompanying graphic provides an overview of some of the key technology areas of interest to the Army and includes advanced materials and manufacturing, microelectronics and photonics, sensors and information processing, simulation and modeling, engineering sciences and advanced propulsion technologies to name a few. Eighty to 90% of the Army’s SBIR topics are released during the first solicitation cycle for each fiscal year, although it participates in all of the BAAs, as needed.

The ultimate goal for good SBIR and STTR projects is to transition to Phase III, assuming that the technology is cost effective and that the need persists. Phase III allows for the continued maturation of the technology with non-SBIR funding from either the government or the private sector.

To facilitate Phase III Transition, the Army SBIR program office has developed a unique network of Technical Assistance Advocates (TAAs) that are strategically placed within various Army organizations. Each TAA has a technology focus. They provide expert advice and analysis to SBIR and STTR awardees to improve technical decisions, solve problems, minimize risk, and assist with commercializing their technologies. Army SBIR and/or STTR awardees are strongly encouraged to develop relationships with relevant prime contractors and PEOs as potential transition partners. We encourage you to review the Defense Acquisition Tutorial to learn more about the defense acquisition process.

The Army also participates in the Commercialization Readiness Program (CRP) to increase Army SBIR technology transition. Army CRP uses an investment fund of SBIR money to enhance and expand ongoing Phase II efforts with a focus on additional research, development, testing, and evaluation. CRP has five main objectives: (1) to assess SBIR projects and companies that have high transition potential and meet priority requirements; (2) match SBIR companies with potential customers; (3) facilitate technology transition plans and agreements; (4) make recommendations for additional SBIR funding; and (5) track metrics for SBIR projects under CRP.

Please be sure to review the success stories on the Army’s SBIR/STTR website in order to gain insight into how others have been successful in the transition process. A Commercialization brochure is produced annually and can be downloaded from the Army SBIR/STTR website.


Videos to help you learn about some of the Army Commands that sponsor SBIR and STTR topics

  • Army Research Laboratory

  • Army Research Laboratory
    (This will make you smile!)

  • Army Test and Evaluation Command

  • The Engineer Research and
    Development Center

  • Tank Automotive research Development and Engineering Center

  • U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command

Course 2 Tutorial 1:


(1) Which of the following statements is correct regarding the Army SBIR/STTR program

(2) True or False? An Army SBIR Phase I award is comprised of a base and an option.

(3) True or False? The purpose of the Army CRP is to expand testing and evaluation conducted during Phase I.

(4) True or False? A Phase III award is funded with SBIR/STTR funds.

(5) Which of the following is incorrect. Army topics are written by

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